To read the texts click on the texts: Dn 7:9-10, 13-14; Lk 9:28-36
The feast of the Transfiguration was made a universal feast on 6th August by Pope Callixtus III to commemorate the raising of the Siege of Belgrade in 1456.
The Gospel text for the feast is from the event of the Transfiguration as narrated by the Gospel of Luke
It is only in Luke that the Transfiguration occurs in the context of Jesus’ prayer. Just as the voice from heaven, inviting him to be Son and slave, spoke while Jesus was praying after his baptism, so also now, at the transfiguration, the voice from the cloud speaks in the context of Jesus’ prayer.
The Transfiguration of Jesus on the mountain confirms that Jesus was in the presence of God. It also serves to clarify that Jesus is, indeed, God’s Son. While Moses and Elijah, who appear with Jesus on the mountain, might represent the Law and the Prophets, they are also mentioned because of the actions they performed. Like Moses, who parted the sea on the command of God, and who fed the multitude in the desert with manna from heaven, Jesus calms the storm and feeds the five thousand with bread. Like Elijah, who multiplied loaves, cleansed a leper, and raised the dead, Jesus does the same, and even more. Only in Luke are we given the content of the discussions that Moses and Elijah have with Jesus. They are discussing his exodus from this world to the next.
Though Peter and his companions, John and James, witness this event, they do not know what to make of it. Peter, however, wants to remain there and so in the past. Jesus knows that he cannot remain on the mountain, tempting as that might be. He knows what he has to do and he will let no one come in the way. He has to come down and go to the Cross. In this event it is confirmed that Jesus is both Son of God and he is Suffering Servant. He will, through his death, bring salvation to all. He is the fulfillment of all the hopes, not only of Israel but, of the whole world.
This time, unlike at the time of the Baptism, the voice from the cloud adds, “Listen to him”. This command endorses and confirms Jesus’ interpretation of the future course of events that will take place in his life, namely, his death, resurrection, and ascension. God approves of Jesus’ orientation and wants the disciples to realize that this is the only way. Thus, they cannot remain on the mountain. They have to go down with Jesus and let him go to where the Cross awaits him.
The Transfiguration is an event which encapsulates the whole Christ event. It is here that we see his entire life; ministry, death, resurrection, and ascension unfold. It is a summary of what was, what is, and what will be. Only in the light of the cross and resurrection do we understand the character of God and the significance of Jesus.
Though God will seem hidden at the passion and death of Jesus, and though Jesus might seem defeated, things are not as they seem. Rather, God is as present at the passion and death of Jesus as he was at the Transfiguration. Jesus is as victorious in his passion and death as he was in his Transfiguration. In the first reading of today, this is precisely the kind of confidence that Abram is challenged to have. He and his wife are old, they do not have even one son and yet, God commands him to believe that his descendants will be as numerous as the stars in the sky. Abram dared to believe, even when he could not understand, and it was so. He first believed and then, he saw.
The readings of today teach us an all important lesson. There are times in our lives when things do not go the way we plan, when all that we plan goes awry, when the road seems steep and the going is difficult, and, when we feel like giving up and giving in. It is at times like these that we, like Peter, wish we had stayed on the mountain. It is at times like these when we, like Abram, might like some tangible proof, some sign. Yet, the Transfiguration of Jesus, and the attitude of Abram, teaches that God continues to walk ahead of us and, though we may not be able to see him as clearly as we would like, God is there.